What is “Cyber Security”?

Cyber Security


“Cyber Security” is the process of protecting hardware, software, and data that are connected to the internet from cyber threats. People and businesses use this method to keep unauthorized people from getting into data centers and other computerized systems.

A robust “Cyber Security” plan may provide an organization or user with an effective defense against assaults that attempt to sneak into their systems and sensitive data in order to either modify, delete, destroy, or extort money from them. Cyber Security is also crucial because it may thwart assaults that seek to render a system or device inoperable or unusable by making it difficult to use.

Why is it necessary to implement Cyber Security?

In today’s contemporary businesses, there are an ever-increasing number of users, devices, and programs; in addition, there is an ever-increasing flood of data; the majority of this data is either sensitive or secret, which contributes to the ever-increasing relevance of Cyber Security. The challenge is made much more complicated by the proliferation of cybercriminals and the increasing complexity of their methods of attack.

What constitutes the many aspects of Cyber Security, and how does it really function?


Cyber security Areas



The area of Cyber Security may be divided into a number of distinct subfields, the coordination of which is essential to the effectiveness of a Cyber Security program inside an enterprise. The following items are included in these sections:

  • Security for software applications
  • Protection of sensitive information or data
  • Protection of a network
  • Planning for continuity of operations in the event of a disaster
  • Safety measures for operations
  • Protection for the cloud
  • Critical infrastructure security
  • Safety against harm to one’s body
  • Education of the Final Consumer

As the threat landscape changes constantly, every firm struggles to maintain its Cyber Security. Traditional reactive techniques, in which resources were focused on safeguarding systems against the largest known risks, while smaller known dangers were left undefended, are no longer an adequate strategy. Rather, proactive measures are required. Security threats continue evolving, so it is vital to have a proactive and adaptable strategy in place. There are several influential Cyber Security advisory bodies that provide recommendations. For instance, the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) suggests using real-time assessments and continuous monitoring as part of a risk assessment framework to protect against both known and undiscovered hazards.

What are the advantages of implementing Cyber Security measures?

The following are some of the advantages that may be gained by developing and sustaining Cyber Security practices:

  • Protection for businesses from data breaches and malicious cyberattacks.
  • Security for both the data and the networks.
  • Access restriction for those that are not permitted.
  • Reduced amount of time needed to recover after a breach.
  • Protection for the people using and the gadgets at the endpoint.
  • Compliance with the regulations.
  • Continuity of business operations

increased faith in the reliability of the company’s reputation and trustworthiness on the part of developers, partners, consumers, stakeholders, and employees

What are the many categories of risks to a company’s Cyber Security?

Risk Assessment Breakup

It is not an easy effort to stay up with new technology, security trends, and threat intelligence. In order safeguard information and other assets from cyber threats, which may take many different forms, it is vital to do so. Some examples of cyberthreats are as follows:


Malware is a kind of harmful software that allows any file or program to be used to do damage to a computer user. Malware may be downloaded through the Internet. Worms, viruses, Trojan horses, and malware are all included in this category.



Another sort of malicious software is known as ransomware. An attacker will often encrypt the victim’s computer system data in order to carry out this attack. The attacker will then demand money in order to decode and unlock the victim’s files.

Social Engineering:

The term “social engineering” refers to a kind of intrusion that exploits human contact in order to deceive users into breaching security protocols and so gaining access to sensitive information that is normally safeguarded.

Social Engineering


Phishing is a kind of social engineering that involves the sending of deceptive electronic mail or text messages that are designed to seem like they came from reliable or well-known sources. These messages, which are often used in random attacks, are sent with the intention of stealing sensitive data such as credit card or login information.

Spear Phishing:

Phishing attacks that are classified as spear phishing have a specific user, organization, or company in mind as their targeted target.

Insider threat:

The term “insider threat” refers to any breach of security or loss of data that is caused by a human being, such as an employee, a contractor, or a customer. Threats posed by insiders may have either a malevolent or careless motivation.

Distributed Denial-Of-Service:

Attacks that are classified as distributed denial-of-service, or DDoS, are ones in which numerous systems work together to interfere with the normal operation of a single system, such as a server, website, or another network resource. The attackers may either cause the system to crash or make it run more slowly if they flood the target with connection requests, packets, and messages. This prevents genuine traffic from accessing the system.

Advanced persistent threats:

Advanced persistent threats, often known as APTs, are lengthy targeted assaults that are carried out with the intention of stealing data. These attacks are carried out by an attacker who infiltrates a network and stays undiscovered for extended periods of time.

Man in the Middle

Eavesdropping attacks known as “Man in the Middle” (MitM) attacks involve an adversary intercepting and relaying communications between two parties who think they are interacting with one other.

Other Common Attach

Botnets, drive-by-download attacks, exploit kits, malvertising, vishing, credential stuffing assaults, cross-site scripting (XSS) attacks, SQL injection attacks, business email compromise (BEC), and zero-day vulnerabilities are some examples of other frequent types of attacks.

What are the most significant problems facing Cyber Security today?

Hackers, data loss, privacy concerns, evolving Cyber Security techniques, and risk management all provide ongoing challenges to the security of computer networks. It is not anticipated that there will be a reduction in the number of cyberattacks in the near future. In addition, the proliferation of access sites for assaults, such as with the introduction of the internet of things (IoT), increases the urgency with which networks and devices must be protected.

Risk Assessment

The ever-changing character of potential security breaches is one of the aspects of Cyber Security that presents the greatest challenge. As new technologies come into existence and existing technologies are exploited in a novel or unconventional ways, new attack vectors become available. It may be difficult to keep up with the rapid changes and advancements in assaults, as well as the need to update processes to guard against these changes and advancements. Concerns include making certain that all aspects of Cyber Security are kept up to date in order to provide adequate defense against any possible weaknesses. This might be particularly challenging for less-established firms that lack the necessary personnel and internal resources.

In addition, businesses have the opportunity to collect a large quantity of prospective data about people who utilize one or more of the services that they provide. As more data is gathered, there is a greater possibility that a cybercriminal may attempt to acquire personally identifiable information (PII). This raises a new set of concerns. A company that, for instance, saves personally identifiable information on the cloud may be vulnerable to ransomware attacks. A cloud security breach may be avoided if organizations take the necessary precautions.

End-user education is an important component of Cyber Security initiatives since it is possible for workers to unintentionally introduce viruses into the office on their own computers or mobile devices. Employees will be better able to do their bit in protecting their organization from potential cyberattacks if they get regular training on security awareness.

One additional difficulty associated with information security is the current scarcity of appropriately trained Cyber Security experts. As organizations continue to amass and make use of greater quantities of data, there will be an increased need for Cyber Security personnel who can investigate, administer, and react to events. (ISC)2 reported that there was a workplace gap of 3.1 million between the number of essential Cyber Security positions and the number of security specialists.

What role does automation play in the field of Cyber Security?


When it comes to protecting businesses from the increasing quantity and level of complexity of cyberattacks, automation has emerged as an essential tool. Artificial intelligence (AI) and machine learning may assist enhance Cyber Security in three primary categories if they are used in settings with huge volumes of data streams:

Detection of potential dangers

Platforms powered by AI are able to do data analysis, identify previously known dangers, and forecast the appearance of new dangers.

In reaction to a threat

AI systems also produce and automatically put into effect various sorts of security protection.

Enhancement of the human race.

Those who work in security are often inundated with notifications and activities that are repetitious. AI has the potential to alleviate alert fatigue by automatically triaging low-risk warnings, automating large data analysis, and other repetitive duties, so freeing up human workers to concentrate on more complex responsibilities.

Additional advantages of using automation in Cyber Security include the categorization of attacks and malware, as well as the classification of traffic and compliance analysis.

Vendors and tools in the field of Cyber Security

In the realm of Cyber Security, vendors often provide a wide range of security-related goods and services to their customers. The following are examples of common security tools and systems:

  • Management of identities and permissions (IAM)
  • Firewalls
  • Endpoint protection
  • Antimalware
  • IPS/IDS stands for intrusion prevention and detection systems.
  • Data loss prevention (DLP)
  • Endpoint detection and response
  • Management of sensitive information and events in terms of security (SIEM)
  • Tools for data encryption
  • Scanners that check for vulnerabilities
  • Private networks in a virtual environment (VPNs)
  • A platform for protecting cloud-based workloads (CWPP)
  • Brokers of security for cloud access (CASB)

Check Point, Cisco, Code42, CrowdStrike, FireEye, Fortinet, IBM, Imperva, KnowBe4, McAfee, Microsoft, Palo Alto Networks, Rapid7, Splunk, Symantec, Trend Micro, and Trustwave are examples of well-known Cyber Security providers.

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Aquil Ahmad

SysYork Technologies

Dynamic & Details -Oriented with over 17 years of experience ranging from  IT Security, IT Service Operations, End User Services, Remote Infrastructure Management, Data Center Operations, Customer Relationship Management, Service Desk Operations, Cyber Risk and Compliance Management to Third Party Vendor Management .

Aquil Ahmad


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